Bruxism is a repetitive jaw-muscle activity characterised by teeth grinding, clenching, and bracing or thrusting the jaw bone (mandible). It can occur during the day (awake bruxism) or while asleep (sleep bruxism).
Awake Bruxism usually occurs as clenching or bracing/thrusting of the mandible. Sleep bruxism can be both grinding and clenching of the teeth while asleep.
Mild Bruxism may not require therapy. If your Bruxism is significant it can cause jaw pain, headache, damaged teeth, and other issues.
Common Bruxism symptoms may include:
Though there is no single cause of Bruxism, common causes include:
Risk factors increasing your risk of Bruxism include:
The first step in treatment is to identify known risk factors and either eliminate or reduce these risks. Treatment may include a nightguard to protect the teeth and jaw. Medications such as muscle relaxants and Botox may be used to decrease the intensity of bruxism.
If you are experiencing symptoms of Bruxism, make an appointment with a doctor or dentist.
To consult an Oral Medicine Specialist regarding your bruxism, ask your doctor or dentist to refer you to TeleOralMedicine.