Tele Oral Medicine

Facial Fullness

Facial swelling is a unilateral or bilateral swelling on the face. This condition present as a feeling or sensation of fullness with only the patient noticing this change. 

Puffy face is a common symptom with causes including injuries, allergic reactions, and infections. Rarely facial swelling can be a sign of anaphylaxis, a medical emergency requiring immediate treatment. 

Signs and Symptoms:

The major facial swelling symptoms is swelling with or without pain.


The causes of facial swelling include: 

  • Cellulitis 

Cellulitis is a bacterial skin infection that causes pain, redness, and swelling that feels hot to touch. 


  • Allergy to medicines 

An allergic reaction to a specific medicine can be an emergency. If you feel you may be experiencing an allergic reaction to a medication you should contact your doctor, dentists, or pharmacists who recommended the medicine. If you experience any drug allergy avoid taking that medicine again. 


  • Tooth infection 

Swelling around the jawline can be caused by an ulcer or infection in a tooth or gums. Pain and soreness with facial swelling can be symptoms of infection in the injured region. 


  • Orofacial granulomatosis 

Orofacial granulomatosis is an abnormal immune response with predisposing genetic factors. It usually results in swelling and pain of the lips and can  involve swelling in the face and mouth.  


  • Anaphylaxis 

Anaphylaxis is an intense allergic reaction. It is a medical emergency with the potential to be severe. Face swelling usually occurs shortly after being exposed to the allergen and can quickly worsen. 

Tips for Prevention:

Although it is difficult to prevent every case of face swelling, the following steps can help: 

  • Avoid known allergens, specifically food and medicines that can trigger your allergies.  
  • Brushing and flossing teeth on a regular basis to minimise the chance of dental infection. 


The pain and discomfort associated with TMJ issues are usually temporary and can be eased without any surgery. But surgery is generally considered the last choice after all other therapies have failed because, in some cases, surgical treatment may be beneficial.

When to see a doctor?

Consult a doctor immediately if you develop sudden facial swelling.


To consult an Oral Medicine Specialist regarding your facial swelling, ask your doctor or dentist to refer you to TeleOralMedicine.  

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